The United Nations system in Syria is composed of The United Nations common system in Syria is composed of 16 resident organisations: FAO, IOM, UNDP, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, OCHA, UNHABITAT, UNRWA, OSE, WHO, UNDSS, UNTSO, UNMAS, UNDOF) and 14 non-resident organizations: ESCWA, UNESCO, UNIDO, OHCHR, IFAD, ILO, UNOPS, UN-WOMEN, UN-ENVIRONMENT, UNEP, UNIC, UNCTAD, ISDR, UNAIDS.
The UNCT ensures full participation of all UN entities in the decision-making process concerning strategic and programmatic issues, taking into consideration the uniqueness of the Syria situation and its resilience and humanitarian challenges. The UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator chairs the Syria UNCT in her/his capacity as Resident Coordinator. The Resident Coordinator’s Office in Syria provides secretariat and coordination support to the UNCT. The guiding programmatic framework that governs the UNCT’s engagement in Syria is the “Strategic Framework for Cooperation between the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic and the United Nations 2016-2019” (UNSF). The UNSF represents the strategic programmatic basis for the resilience partnership between the United Nations and Syria and complements the Humanitarian Response Plan.
The Resident Coordinator system’s role in country is to bring together the different UN agencies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of operational activities at the country level. Resident Coordinators lead the UN country team. His/her role is pivotal to the success of the United Nations in reaching the SDGs and Agenda 2030. The Resident Coordinator leads and strategically positions the United Nations country team in support of national priorities, development strategies, and plans. The Resident Coordinator (RC) system encompasses all organizations of the United Nations system dealing with operational activities for development, regardless of their formal presence in the country. The RC system is supported in UNHQ by the UN Development Coordination Office (UN DCO).
The HCT brings together the humanitarian actors including UN organizations and International NGOs, in addition to representatives of National NGOs, SARC, IFRC, and the sector coordinators and ICRC as observers, to ensure full participation of all humanitarian actors in the decision-making process concerning the humanitarian response. The HCT is chaired by the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in her/his capacity as Humanitarian Coordinator and coordinated through the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). The HCT work is framed within the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) which is developed annually on the basis of the needs identified in the Humanitarian Needs Overview.
OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies under the global leadership of the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC). At the country level, under the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator, OCHA coordinates humanitarian action to expand the reach of humanitarian action, improve prioritization and reduce duplication, and to ensure that crisis-affected people receive the assistance and protection they need in an efficient and timely manner. It works to overcome obstacles that impede humanitarian assistance from reaching people affected by crises, especially those in areas of high severity of needs with limited access to assistance and services. OCHA develops key advocacy messages on challenges impacting the humanitarian environment on behalf of the humanitarian community and supports the Humanitarian Coordinator in his/her advocacy with different stakeholders including the host government, donors, humanitarian partners and other actors. OCHA supports resource mobilization efforts and manages the country-based pooled fund, ensuring the fund is allocated to serve the most vulnerable and those in acute need. OCHA provides information management services to the humanitarian community to inform a rapid, effective and principled response.
The UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator is also the Designated Official (DO) accountable to the Under Secretary-General for Safety and Security on all issues related to the safety and security of the UN operations, assets and personnel at the country level. In discharging his duties, the DO chairs, the Security Management Team (SMT), which comprised of the representatives of all UN organizations. The Chief Security Advisor is the soul person responsible for providing professional security advices to the DO.
UNDSS is part of the United Nations Secretariat providing professional safety and security services to enable the United Nations to deliver its programmes globally. At the country level, the UNDSS office reports directly to the DO (in-addition to its normal reporting channel), the UNDSS country office is also responsible for preparing and managing the country SMT meetings, it delivers specialized safety and security services to the UNAFPs operating within the country. The UNDSS office is also responsible for providing critical advices to the DO as well as the SMT members that enable them to take necessary decisions in relation to the safety and security of UN staff/operations and as per the UN Security Management System (UNSMS) policy. On the operational level, the UNDSS provides professional advices on risk management and strategies to address multi-dimensional security challenges. Part of the DSS major duties and responsibilities is to prepare, test and implement all country security plans and documents -including- the country Security Risk Management (SRM) that analyzes and manages safety and security risks to United Nations personnel, assets and operations.